BACK AND FRONT OF A ROMAN COIN DURING THE TIME OF AUGUSTUS CAESAR

THE HIGH PRIEST – PHARISEES – THE DENARIUS (COIN) IMAGES – PT 2 – RENDER THEREFORE UNTO CAESAR (MATTHEW 22:22)

THE DENARIUS (COIN) IMAGES

As for the coin”, let’s view its content and presentation that represents Rome and Caesar. On one side of the coin, the Roman Emperor (Tiberius Caesar) was crown with words of victory, glory and divinity. The words written around the image on the coin were as, “TI CAESAR DIVI AVG F AVGVST.” This represents the words “Tiberius Caesar Divi Avgvsti Filivs Avgvstvs”, which means “Tiberius Caesar worshipful son of the god Augustus.”

On the other side of the coin, sits the Roman “goddess of peace” (“Pax Romania”) with circumscription showing the words “Pontiff Maxim”, with its meaning as “Pontifex Maximus” (“high priest”). In fact, the title, as “Pontifex Maximus”, was only used by Caesar, and it shows with all council that he is the supreme that Romans acknowledge as a Roman god.

This Pontifex Maximus was the “King of Heathendom,” and known to the early church fathers as the “high priest” of Roman pagan religion or cult. However, Roman emperors often used this title for their imperial office, considering themselves as the Great Priest of the Roman religion (cult).

Naturally, this title (Pontifex Maximus) curves the mind of the elders of the synagogues, in that they trusted (rendered) their cause to the seat of Rome.  Of course, the chief priest (of the synagogue) decided (plans sought against the Messiah) to speak against the Messiah, showing their reverence to the seat of Caesar (Rome) other than the Son of the Most High. In many occasions, the elders of the synagogue repeatedly manifested their loyalty to the seat of Caesar, which an illustration (example) was Christ being lead to Pilate.

Before Pilate, the chief priest accused the Messiah saying,

…We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidden to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he Himself is Christ a King” (St. Luke 23:2).

This gives credence that the elders of the Church (during the time of the Messiah) saw Caesar in a blessed light than even the Messiah. The chief priest was so determined  to put the King of Glory away that even when Pilate decided to let the Messiah go, the Jews (including the elders of the synagogue) cried out , saying,

If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar” (St. John 19:12 KJV).

Therefore, in all sign, the Messiah knew that many of the Jews and elders of the synagogue worship Caesar as King.  Actually, that was the main reason He uses the coin and made specific reference to the image and subscriptions that indicated such sign of the pagan “goddess of peace”.

Caesar worn the title “Pontifex Maximus”, and such title gives him recognition as champion (“High Priest or Great Priest”) over even the chief priest of the synagogue. They could take no lead of any cause without Caesar’s knowledge, and in light of this, they (elders of the synagogue) pay reverence to Caesar’s seat.

Christ in His reply was pointing to this seat of Rome when he says, “render to Caesar the things that are Caesar”. Actually, Christ had already cited the vision and causes of the chief priest, high priest and elders of the Jews, how they would decide to foster (rendering of the Pontifex Maximus) the throne of Caesar into the Church. Christ alluded the thought of serving two masters, as he say,

“No man can serve two masters: …he will hold on to one and despised the other, ye cannot serve God and mammon” (Matt. 6:24 KJV).

Moreover, according to the Books (Matt, 15, 16, 22, 23, 24, and Mark 7 and Luke 12), the word “hypocrites” repeatedly comes from the mouth of the Messiah, as He addresses the elders of the Church. Actually, the Messiah knew the atrocities (plan sought against the Messiah) set out by these leaders, as he says,

“But woe unto you scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye shut up the kingdom of heaven against men: for ye neither go in yourselves, neither suffer ye them that are entering to go in.” (KJV) Matthew 23:13

In addition, the scribes and Pharisees understood the Messiah, as he gave the parable of the lord and his vineyard. CHRIST refers to the Scriptures and says,

“Did ye never read in the Scriptures, The stone that the builders rejected, the same become the head of the corner: (KAVA) Matthew 21:42

To make sure of his delivered message, the Messiah continued and says,

Therefore, say I unto you, the kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof. (KJV) Matthew 21:43

One could understand that the Messiah did foresee the deceitful  (The Rendering of the Throne of Rome) intention of the Scribes and Pharisees from as early as his time.

SEE PART THREE (“PLANS SOUGHT AGAINST THE MESSIAH”)

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